Cardiovascular Defects that You Need to Know About

Cardiovascular - befashi

Cardiovascular is a medical word that refers to the heart. It is connected with cardiovascular or heart disease.  These are among the most fatal diseases that can befall a human being. The heart is the body’s core, connected to various veins and arteries. Even if there is only a minor disruption, things might become concerning. Heart health is essential for a healthy body. Cardiovascular illnesses are classified into several kinds, including cardiovascular blockage, coronary artery disease, heart attack, heart failure, and congenital heart disease. Most of them are treatable and preventable, but there are some types that are not treatable, making it one of the most dangerous diseases in the human body. The following is a brief summary of the most common cardiovascular problems that cannot be overlooked.

Heart Attack:

Previously, only adults over the age of 45 were at risk of developing this illness. Over the last decade, the condition has become more widespread among children and teens. Myocardial Infarction is another medical term for it. As a result, oxygen in the blood cannot reach the heart. This occurs when the coronary arteries, which feed blood to the heart muscles, become severely clogged as a result of fat and cholesterol buildup. This slow process is known as atherosclerosis. In the human body, the heart is a very sensitive organ, once damaged, it may be more prone to damage again. If you experience any slight or moderate chest pain, you should consult a Heart Attack Specialist In Coimbatore.

Angina, often known as chest discomfort or chest pain, is not a heart attack. Angina is a brief period of pain produced by a disruption in blood flow.

Cardiac Arrest:

Many people believe that heart attacks and cardiac arrests are the same things. The heart stops beating when a cardiac arrest occurs. The risk of death is high because of this condition.  Our heartbeat is based on electric impulses, and a tiny shift in frequency can modify the pattern of the impulses. This can alter the rhythm of the heart, causing it to stop beating.  As a result, cardiac death occurs. There are no specific symptoms associated with this sudden phenomenon. Following cardiac arrest, an acute heart attack may occur.

Coronary Artery Condition:

This is a frequent cardiac disease that occurs after a heart attack. The major cause of this occurrence is a blockage in the artery transporting oxygen. Because of cholesterol and fat, plaque can form in our arteries. As the artery narrows over time, blood flow is disrupted. The most prevalent symptom of this is angina.

In other cases, heart attacks are the initial indication of CAD. You may also feel short of breath and have an arm or shoulder ache.

Being overweight, lack of physical exercise, an unhealthy lifestyle, smoking, and a family history of heart disease are all risk factors for this condition.

Cardiomyopathy is a comparable condition in which blood pumping is problematic, and it can be acquired or congenital. In extreme circumstances, a heart transplant may be required.

Irregular Heartbeat:

Arrhythmias is the medical name for irregular heartbeats. This is a cardiac ailment that affects the pace or rhythm of the heartbeat. The heart’s pattern may be irregular. The slow rate of heartbeat is called bradycardia, and the fast rate of heartbeat is called tachycardia. Lightheadedness, sweating, and dizziness are common symptoms. If you have these symptoms, it is always preferable to get medical attention at top cardiology hospitals to prevent the risk of future cardiac problems.

Congenital Heart Disease:

This type of heart condition is present from birth. “Congenital” is a term used to describe a condition that is present from birth. Various disorders fall under this category.

Down’s Syndrome:

This condition results in a person’s physical development and learning difficulties. Alcohol and cigarette use during pregnancy, as well as certain diseases and drugs, are all linked to this. There are also the following defects:

  • Septal Defects are defects in the heart chambers.
  • Aortic coarctation is a narrowing of the aorta, the body’s large artery.
  • Underdeveloped Heart: A portion of the heart is underdeveloped, making pumping harder.


Blood pressure is a word that most people have heard of, and the vast majority of people are aware of it. BP is the most common abbreviation. Normal blood pressure is 120/80. Any deviation from this might result in hypertension or hypotension (low BP).

The volume of blood that flows through the arteries and the degree of resistance the blood encounters while pumping is used to calculate blood pressure.  The pumping becomes more difficult in narrow arteries due to higher resistance.

Hypertension normally develops over time; initially, there are no symptoms, but it damages organs such as the eyes, brain, heart, and kidneys. Strokes and heart attacks can happen if they are not treated. Visit a BP Specialist if you experience symptoms such as headaches, fatigue, or vision problems.

Treatments for Heart disorders include:

Angioplasty: These procedures are used to enhance blood flow to the heart.

CABGS: Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABGS) is required to enhance the health of heart vessels. It is one of the sensitive surgeries performed by Heart Specialists in Coimbatore.

Pacemakers: The use of pacemakers is used to treat abnormal heartbeats, called arrhythmias.

It is necessary to replace the aortic valve when it becomes infected. Reach out to the best hospital for aortic valve surgery.

There are several other disorders as well such as Mitral valve regurgitation, in which the valve fails to close properly and blood flows back into the heart. Individuals differ from one another. It is possible to die from cardiovascular disorders if they are left untreated. A chest doctor in Coimbatore can check your heart health if you experience chest pain lasting longer than usual. Early detection is important in every case. When the disease is detected, the right medication can be consumed to treat it and prevent fatalities. A happy heart can be achieved by maintaining a positive outlook on life. For a happy life, you need a happy heart.